The autonomous status of the islands was affirmed by a decision made by the League of Nations in 1921 following the Aland crisis. By law, Åland is politically neutral and entirely demilitarised. The islands were granted extensive autonomy by the Parliament of Finalnd in the Act on the Autonomy of Åland of 1920. Åland's original name was Germanic "Ahvaland" which means "Land of Water". In Swedish, the name eventually developed into Åland, literally "river land"- even though rivers are not a prominent feature of Åland's geography.
The Åland archipelago consists of nearly 300 habitable islands. 80 of those are inhabited by app. 30,000 people. The largest and the capital town is Mariehamn, with population of 11,000. The official motto of Aland, that I like quiet a lot, is "The Islands of Peace". Thanks, again, Liisa!